In a medical term, cardiopulmonary diseases cover a wide range of serious disorders that concern the heart and the lungs. These can be as common as hypertension/high blood pressure, asthma and as severe as paralysis stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Some cardiopulmonary diseases can prove to be fatal if not diagnosed and treated in time.
Since the primary function of the cardiopulmonary system is to deliver oxygen to the active tissues, the system plays a vital role in movement. In the presence of disease or abnormality, the system often is a hindrance to performing physical activities. As heart and lungs are strongly related to each other a problem in one organ will definitely affect the other too. For instance, if a person suffers from coronary artery disease (an abnormal condition that affects the arteries of the heart and produce different pathological effects) then his heart will find it extremely difficult to pump blood to the lungs accurately and then their oxygenation won’t be possible properly. This will eventually cause many cardiopulmonary diseases which will further complicate issues.
However, there is now a certain cure available for such diseases. One of the best treatment options and prevention of these diseases is cardiopulmonary physiotherapy. Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy is physical therapy which focuses on the physical function of the heart and lungs to prevent these diseases and to help those who suffer from such diseases function better.
Physiotherapy, however, works best for the treatment of the following diagnosis:
• Post Coronary Bypass Surgery
• Coronary Stent placement
• Pulmonary Fibrosis
• Heart valve replacement
Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy is extremely important for patients recovering from a heart attack or any kind of cardio surgery. Exercise testing as part of rehabilitation includes cardio or aerobic exercises that help strengthen the cardiovascular system, so that the heart functions better and irrigates itself and other organs of the body with oxygen rich blood. Cardiopulmonary physiotherapists help patients recover function in their respiratory and cardiac systems following a serious injury or illness. They use physical modalities in their treatment. It may involve manual techniques to remove infected mucus from a patient’s chest, or using non-invasive ventilation to help a person breathe, guiding patients throughout their treatment regime and applying heat, water or massage therapy. These therapists design customized exercises testing programs to improve a patient’s functional exercise capacity. Exercises usually include deep breathing, breathing and circulation exercises and other individually tailored exercises according to your specific needs which controls your breathing, prevents any form of vascular and respiratory problems and strengthens your muscles.
But apart from that, people in perfect health often choose to do these exercises as it helps to improve their heart rate recovery times after exercise and reduces the probability of suffering from any deadly heart attacks in future. The cardiopulmonary physical therapy activities are designed to increase your physical endurance, strengthen your heart muscle and overall body strength. It almost completely eliminates the need of medication in order to maintain a healthy heart – physiotherapy just does the job!